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WW1 Passage (Class lesson)

Discussion in 'History' started by Totoro_Sam, Jul 11, 2018.

  1. Totoro_Sam

    Totoro_Sam Australia Level 291

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    SchoolRP
    So, my history lessons we've been going over World War 1. If anyone missed class, this is the Passage the students listened to.

    Students were then assigned to search on the internet and combine both the passage here, and internet passages into Notes.


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    World War 1

    World War 1 was a major conflict fought between 1914 and 1918, Other names for World War I include
    The First World War, WWI, The War to End All Wars, and the Great War.

    World War I was fought between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers, The main members of the Allied Powers were France, Russian and Britain.


    -Note-

    The United States also fought on the side of the Allies after 1917

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    The Main members of the Central Powers were, Germany, Austria-Hungary, The Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria. The majority of the fighting took place in Europe along two fronts: the western front and eastern front. The western front was a long line of trenches that ran from the coast of Belgium to Switzerland. A lot of the fighting along this front took place in France and Belgium. The eastern front was between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria on one side and Russia and Romania on the other. Although there were a number of causes for the war, the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the main catalyst for starting the war. after the assassination, Austria declared war on Serbia. Then Russia prepared to defend its ally, Serbia. Next, Germany declared war on Russia to protect Austria. This caused France to declare war on Germany to protect its ally Russia.

    Germany then invaded Belgium to get to France which caused a almighty quake in Britain which caused them to declare war on Germany.

    This all happened in just a few days.

    A lot of the war was fought using trench warfare along the western front. The armies hardly moved at all. They just bombed and shot at each other from across the trenches.

    Some of the major battles during the war included the First Battle of the Marne, Battle of the Somme. Battle of Tannenberg, Battle of Gallipoli, and the Battle of Verdun. The fighting ended on November 11, 1918, when a general armistice was agreed to be by both sides. The war officially ended between Germany and the Allies with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles.

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    Interesting Facts:

    -More than 65 million men fought in the war.

    - Dogs were used in the trenches to carry messages. A well trained messenger dog was considered a very fast and reliable.

    - It was the first major war where airplanes and tanks were used.

    -Ninety precent of 7.8 million soldiers from Austria-Hungary who fought in the war were either injured or killed.

    -When the British first invented tanks they called them "landships."

    -The terrorist group responsible for assassinating Archduke Ferinand was called the Black Hand.


    -Famed scientist Marie Curie helped to equip vans with x-ray machines that enabled French docters to see bullets in wounded men. These vans were called "petites Curies" meaning "little Curies."

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    Grade A Notes:

    1914

    June 28 - Archduke Franz Ferdinand, prince to the Austria-Hungary throne is assassinated in Sarajevo by Serbian named Gavrilo Princip.

    July 23 -
    Austria-Hungary makes demands on Serbia for retribution. Serbia does not meet demands.

    July 28 -
    Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia. Russia begins to mobilizing its troops.

    Augest 1 -
    Germany declares war on Russia.

    Augest 3 -
    Germany declares war on France as part of the Schlieffen Plan.

    Augest 4 -
    Germany invades Belgium, Britain declares war on Germany

    Augest 23 to 30 -
    The Battle of Tannenberg is fought between Germany and Russia. The Germans defeat the Russians Second Army.

    September 5 to 12 -
    The advancing German army is stopped before Paris by the British and French at the First Battle of the Marne. The Germans dig in and four years of trench warfare begins.

    October 19 to November 22 - The Allies defeat Germans at the First Battles of Ypres.

    November 2 -
    The British bbegins a naval blockade of Germany.

    November 11 -
    The Ottoman Empire declares war on the Allies.

    December 24 -
    An unoffical truce is declared between the two sides at Christmas.

    1915

    Febuary 4 -
    The Germans begin to use submarines against the Allied merchant ships around the island of Britain.

    April 25 -
    The Allies attack the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Gallipoli. This campaign will last over eight months and will en d as a victory for the Ottomans and the retreat of the Allies

    May 7-
    The Lusitania, a luxury British passenger ship is sunk by a German submarine. 1,195 civilians were killed. This acts sparks international outrage and contributes to the United States joining the war against Germany.

    October 14 -
    Bulgaria enters the war by declaring war on Serbia.

    1916

    February 21 -
    The Battle of Verdun begins between France and Germany. This battles will last until December of 1916 and will finally result in a French victory.

    May 31 -
    The largest naval battle of the war, the Battle of the war, the Battle of Jutland, is fought between britain and Germany in the North Sea.

    July 1 -
    The Battle of the Somme begins. Over 1 million soldiers will be wounded or killed.

    1917

    January 19 -
    The British intercept the Zimmerman Telegram in which Grmany tries to convince Mexico to join the war. This will result in the United Sates declaring war on Germany.

    March 8 -
    The Russian Revolution begins. Tsar Nicholas II is removed from power on March 15.

    April 6 -
    The United States enter the war, declaring war on Germany.

    November 7-
    The Bolsheviks, led by Vladmir, Lenin, overthrow the Russian Government.

    December 17-
    The Russians agree to peace with the Central Powers and leave the war.

    1918

    January 8 -
    President Woodrow Wilson issues his "Fourteen Points" for peace and an end to the war.

    March 21-
    Germany launches the Spring Offenseive hoping to defeat the Allies before reinforcements from the United States can be deployed.

    July 15 -
    The Second Battle of the Marne begins. This battle will end on August 6 as a decisive victory for the Allies.

    November 11-

    Germany agrees to an armistice and fighting comes to an end at 11am on the 11th day of the 11th month.

    1919

    June 28-
    The Treaty of Versailles is signed by Germany and World War I comes to an end.



    -Note-


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